CHOLECYSTITIS DISORDER OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM

CHOLECYSTITIS DISORDER OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM

 What is cholecystitis? Cholecystitis disorder of the digestive system is an acute or chronic inflammation of the gall bladder wall, which occurs when gall stones lodges in the cystic duct.  It results in blockage of the normal flow of bile which results in inflammation. The presence of fat in the duodenum stimulates contraction of the…

COVID-19 (DISORDER OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM)

COVID-19 (DISORDER OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM)

WHAT IS COVID-19? Covid-19 is a disorder of the respiratory system caused by SARS-CoV-2, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).which can cause mild to severe respiratory illness or death; it also affects the upper respiratory tract and lower respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs). Coronavirus a family of virus that causes infection in the sinuses,…

TETANUS

TETANUS

This is an acute disease induced by an exotoxin of the tetanus bacillus characterized by generalized spasm. Tetanus is a serious bacterial disease that affects muscles and nerves. It is popularly known as “Lock Jaw”. It is characterized by muscle stiffness that usually involves the jaw and neck and progresses to other parts of the…

SLEEP PARALYSIS (DISORDER OF THE NERVOUS SYSYTEM)

SLEEP PARALYSIS (DISORDER OF THE NERVOUS SYSYTEM)

WHAT IS SLEEP PARALYSIS? Sleep paralysis, a disorder of the nervous system that affects individuals both young and old, which is a temporary loss of control during sleep also known as atonia, is a widely mysterious disorder but recognized as a medical condition, which happens shortly after falling asleep or waking up. In this disorder…

OSTEOARTHRITIS(DISORDER OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM)

OSTEOARTHRITIS(DISORDER OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM)

OSTEOARTHRITIS OVERVIEW OF OSTEOARTHRITIS Osteoarthritis is an inflammatory degenerative joint disease that causes degeneration in the joints of the bone, particularly the cartilage and synovial fluid, eventually leading to friction between the joints causing pain and stiffness. It is a disorder of the articular cartilage associated with hyper- trophic changes in the bone, which mainly…

DIABETES MELLITUS (DM)

DIABETES MELLITUS (DM)

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of the endocrine gland and it is a major or common condition that is characterized by elevated blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Diabetes mellitus result from deficiency of insulin or resistance of the body to available insulin in metabolism of carbohydrate which is characterized by elevated blood sugar (hyperglycemia). For instance, when…

HYPERTENSION

HYPERTENSION

Hypertension, also known as High Blood Pressure is a serious medical and cardiovascular condition. Blood pressure is the force exerted by blood against the arterial walls of the heart. Therefore, Hypertension is the condition that occurs when the force against the walls of the arteries is too high. Arteries carry blood from the heart to…

ELEPHANTIASIS
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ELEPHANTIASIS

OVERVIEW OF ELEPHANTIASIS Elephantiasis a disorder of the lymphatic system also known as lymphatic filariasis, is a painful and disfiguring disease that is caused by parasitic infection mainly caused by the nematodes (round worms). The filariodidea are transmitted through the bites of infected mosquitos, the larvae are deposited on the skin where they seep into…